kingdom of laos

[140], Laos has made particularly noteworthy progress increasing access to sanitation. ), conventional long form: Lao People's Democratic Republicconventional short form: Laoslocal long form: Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Laolocal short form: Mueang Lao (unofficial)etymology: name means "Land of the Lao [people]", name: Vientiane (Viangchan)geographic coordinates: 17 58 N, 102 36 Etime difference: UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)etymology: the meaning in Pali, a Buddhist liturgical language, is "city of sandalwood", 17 provinces (khoueng, singular and plural) and 1 prefecture* (kampheng nakhon); Attapu, Bokeo, Bolikhamxai, Champasak, Houaphan, Khammouan, Louangnamtha, Louangphabang (Luang Prabang), Oudomxai, Phongsali, Salavan, Savannakhet, Viangchan (Vientiane)*, Viangchan, Xaignabouli, Xaisomboun, Xekong, Xiangkhouang, 19 July 1949 (from France by the Franco-Lao General Convention); 22 October 1953 (Franco-Lao Treaty recognizes full independence), Republic Day (National Day), 2 December (1975), history: previous 1947 (preindependence); latest promulgated 13-15 August 1991amendments: proposed by the National Assembly; passage requires at least two-thirds majority vote of the Assembly membership and promulgation by the president of the republic; amended 2003, 2015, civil law system similar in form to the French system, has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt, citizenship by birth: nocitizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Laosdual citizenship recognized: noresidency requirement for naturalization: 10 years, chief of state: President THONGLOUN Sisoulit (since 22 March 2021); Vice Presidents PANI Yathotou and BOUNTHONG Chitmani (since 22 March 2021)head of government: Prime Minister PHANKHAM Viphavan (since 22 March 2021); Deputy Prime Ministers CHANSAMON Chan-gnalat, SONXAI Siphandon, KIKEO Khaikhamphithoun (since 22 March 2021); VILAI Lakhamfong, SALEUMXAI Kommasit (since June 2022)cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president, approved by the National Assemblyelections/appointments: president and vice president indirectly elected by the National Assembly for a 5-year term (no term limits); election last held on 22 March 2021 (next to be held in March 2026); prime minister nominated by the president, elected by the National Assembly for 5-year termelection results: 2021: THONGLOUN Sisoulit (LPRP) elected president; National Assembly vote: 161-1; PANI Yathotou and BOUNTHONG Chitmani (LPRP) elected vice presidents; National Assembly vote NA; PHANKHAM Viphavan (LPRP) elected prime minister; National Assembly vote: 158-32016: BOUNNYANG Vorachit (LPRP) elected president; PHANKHAM Viphavan (LPRP) elected vice president; percent of National Assembly vote - NA; THONGLOUN Sisoulit (LPRP) elected prime minister; percent of National Assembly vote - NA, description: unicameral National Assembly or Sapha Heng Xat (164 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by simple majority vote from candidate lists provided by the Lao People's Revolutionary Party; members serve 5-year terms)elections: last held on 21 February 2021 (next to be held in 2026)election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - LPRP 158, independent 6; composition - men 128, women 36, percent of women 21.9%, highest court(s): People's Supreme Court (consists of the court president and organized into criminal, civil, administrative, commercial, family, and juvenile chambers, each with a vice president and several judges)judge selection and term of office: president of People's Supreme Court appointed by the National Assembly upon the recommendation of the president of the republic for a 5-year term; vice presidents of the People's Supreme Court appointed by the president of the republic upon the recommendation of the National Assembly; appointment of chamber judges NA; tenure of court vice presidents and chamber judges NAsubordinate courts: appellate courts; provincial, municipal, district, and military courts, Lao People's Revolutionary Party or LPRP [THONGLOUN Sisoulit]note: other parties proscribed, ADB, ARF, ASEAN, CP, EAS, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO (subscriber), ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, chief of mission: Ambassador SisavathINPHACHANH (since 7 June 2022)chancery: 2222 S Street NW, Washington, DC 20008telephone: [1] (202) 328-9148; [1] (202) 332-6416FAX: [1] (202) 332-4923email address and website: [email protected]; [email protected]://laoembassy.com/consulate(s): New York, chief of mission: Ambassador Peter HAYMOND (since 7 February 2020)embassy: Ban Somvang Tai, Thadeua Road, Km 9,Hatsayfong District, Vientianemailing address: 4350 Vientiane Place, Washington DC 20521-4350telephone: [856] 21-48-7000FAX: [856] 21-48-7040email address and website: [email protected]://la.usembassy.gov/, three horizontal bands of red (top), blue (double width), and red with a large white disk centered in the blue band; the red bands recall the blood shed for liberation; the blue band represents the Mekong River and prosperity; the white disk symbolizes the full moon against the Mekong River, but also signifies the unity of the people under the Lao People's Revolutionary Party, as well as the country's bright future, elephant; national colors: red, white, blue, name: "Pheng Xat Lao" (Hymn of the Lao People)lyrics/music: SISANA Sisane/THONGDY Sounthonevichitnote: music adopted 1945, lyrics adopted 1975; the anthem's lyrics were changed following the 1975 Communist revolution that overthrew the monarchy, total World Heritage Sites: 3 (all cultural)selected World Heritage Site locales: Town of Luangphrabang; Vat Phou and Associated Ancient Settlements; Megalithic Jar Sites in Xiengkhuang - Plain of Jars. In 2009, despite the fact that the government is still officially communist, the Obama administration in the US declared Laos was no longer a MarxistLeninist state and lifted bans on Laotian companies receiving financing from the US Export-Import Bank.[117][118]. [citation needed], Massive aerial bombardments against the PAVN/Pathet Lao forces were carried out by the United States to prevent the collapse of the Kingdom of Laos central government, and to deny the use of the Ho Chi Minh Trail to attack US forces in South Vietnam. [109], Laos and Vietnamese (SRV) troops were reported to have raped and killed four Christian Hmong women in Xiangkhouang Province in 2011, according to the US-based non-governmental public policy research organisation The Centre for Public Policy Analysis, which also said other Christian and independent Buddhist and animist believers were being persecuted. The Laos Government carried out resettlement programs between the mid-1980s and mid-1990s to relocate ethnic minority groups from the rural northern highlands to development areas in the lowlands ostensibly to alleviate poverty, make basic services more accessible, eliminate slash-and-burn agriculture and opium production, integrate ethnic minorities, and control rebel groups (including Hmong insurgents). For many, however, resettlement has exacerbated poverty, led to the loss of livelihoods, and increased food insecurity and mortality rates. As the resettlement programs started to wane in the second half of the 1990s, migration from the northern highlands to urban centers chiefly the capital Vientiane to pursue better jobs in the growing manufacturing and service sectors became the main type of relocation. Migration of villagers from the south seeking work in neighboring Thailand also increased. Thailand is the main international migration destination for Laotians because of the greater availability of jobs and higher pay than at home; nearly a million Laotian migrants were estimated to live in Thailand as of 2015. [62], The climate is mostly tropical savanna and influenced by the monsoon pattern. )9,045.788 (2020 est. Laos was then dependent on military and economic aid from the Soviet Union until its dissolution in 1991. The politically and culturally dominant Lao people make up 53.2% of the population, mostly in the lowlands. In 1990 only 8% of the rural population had access to improved sanitation. Laos has the youngest population of any country in Asia with a median age of 21.6 years. [46], The official and majority language is Lao, a language of the Tai-Kadai language family. [151] It has failed to qualify for the FIFA World Cup or the AFC Asian Cup, but has participated in minor competitions like the AFC Solidarity Cup and the AFF Championship. The king then secretly sent Prince Kindavong to represent Laos to the Allied forces and Prince Sisavang as representative to the Japanese. [25] Stone artefacts including Hoabinhian types have been found at sites dating to the Late Pleistocene in northern Laos. (approximately $85 million), information is limited and estimates vary; approximately 30,000 active duty troops (26,000 Army; 4,000 Air Force) (2022), the LPAF is armed largely with Soviet-era weapons acquired from the former Soviet Union, Russia, and Vietnam; since 2010, China and Russia have been the leading suppliers of military equipment to Laos (2022), 18 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; minimum 18-month service obligation (2022), the LPAFs primary missions are border and internal security, including counterinsurgency and counterterrorismVietnam is the Laotian military's primary security partner, although in recent years, Laos has expanded defense ties with China (2022), Laos-Cambodia: in 2021, the two countries agreed to increase efforts to combat drug trafficking and other transnational crimes and to complete the last 14% of their border demarcation, Laos-Cambodia-Vietnam: Cambodia and Vietnam are concerned about Laos' extensive plans for upstream dam construction and the potential harm it poses to fisheries and farming downstream, Laos-China: concern among Mekong River Commission members that China's construction of eight dams on the Upper Mekong River and construction of more dams on its tributaries will affect water levels, sediment flows, and fisheries, Laos-Thailand: talks continue as of 2018 on completion of demarcation with Thailand but disputes remain over islands in the Mekong River, Laos-Vietnam: Laos and Vietnam completed border demarcation in 2016, Bokeo Province part of the Golden Triangle, a notorious drug production and transit area; remains a poppy cultivator and source of illicit opium and a transit hub for other illicit drugs such as amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) and chemical precursors; estimate of 4,925 ha of opium poppy cultivated in Laos in 2018, total population growth rate v. urban population growth rate, 2000-2030, Children under the age of 5 years underweight, School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education), International law organization participation, Gini Index coefficient - distribution of family income, Household income or consumption by percentage share, Civil aircraft registration country code prefix, Military and security service personnel strengths, Military equipment inventories and acquisitions, Center for the Study of Intelligence (CSI). [94] Plans to resettle additional Hmong refugees in the United States were stalled by provisions of President George W. Bush's Patriot Act and Real ID Act, under which Hmong veterans of the Secret War, who fought on the side of the United States, are classified as terrorists because of their historical involvement in armed conflict. There are many traditions and rituals associated with rice production in different environments and among many ethnic groups. [72], On 17 May 2014, Defence Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Douangchay Phichit was killed in a plane crash, along with other top ranking officials. )proven reserves: 0 cubic meters (2021 est. This includes decreasing the environmental and cultural impact of tourism; increasing awareness in the importance of ethnic groups and biological diversity; providing a source of income to conserve, sustain and manage the Lao protected area network and cultural heritage sites; and emphasizing the need for tourism zoning and management plans for sites that will be developed as ecotourism destinations.[137]. [66][67] The incumbent head of government is Prime Minister Sonexay Siphandone. [13] After a period of internal conflict, Lan Xang broke into three separate kingdoms: Luang Phrabang, Vientiane and Champasak. )8,244.843 (2017 est. ), $446.572 million (2021 est. After the Vietnam War ended in 1975, the communist Pathet Lao came to power, ending the civil war. [163] The first feature-length film made after the monarchy was abolished is Gun Voice from the Plain of Jars, directed by Somchith Pholsena in 1983, although its release was prevented by a censorship board. [46], Male life expectancy at birth was at 62.6 years and female life expectancy was at 66.7 years in 2017. )5.1% (2020 est. Stone artefacts including Hoabinhian types have been found at sites dating to the Late Pleistocene in northern Laos. Nevertheless, Laos remains a country with an underdeveloped infrastructure, particularly in rural areas. ), 40.726 million metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est. History [edit | edit source] The Lao Kingdom The Lao government has been working with the International Rice Research Institute of the Philippines to collect seed samples of each of the thousands of rice varieties found in Laos. )proven reserves: 503 million metric tons (2019 est. The only legal political party is the Lao People's Revolutionary Party (LPRP). [47][46], In 1968, the PAVN launched a multi-division attack to help the Pathet Lao fight the RLA. An ancient human skull was recovered in 2009 from the Tam Pa Ling Cave in the Annamite Mountains in northern Laos; the skull is at least 46,000 years old, making it the oldest modern human fossil found to date in Southeast Asia. Government policies are determined by the party through the eleven-member Politburo of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party and the 61-member Central Committee of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party. Additionally, the Khao San Pathet Lao, the country's official news agency, publishes English and French versions of its eponymous paper. [44] On 9 March 1945, a nationalist group declared Laos once more independent, with Luang Prabang as its capital, but on 7 April 1945 two battalions of Japanese troops occupied the city. Settathirath disappeared in the mountains on his way back from a military expedition into Cambodia, and Lan Xang fell into more than seventy years of instability, involving both Burmese invasion and civil war. "[81] Republicans called several Congressional hearings on alleged persecution of the Hmong in Laos in an apparent attempt to generate further support for their opposition to the Hmong's repatriation to Laos. Its thickly forested landscape consists mostly of rugged mountains, the highest of which is Phou Bia at 2,818 metres (9,245ft), with some plains and plateaus. The Lao alphabet, which evolved sometime between the 13th and 14th centuries, was derived from the ancient Khmer script and is very similar to Thai script. The organisation estimates that there are 173,800 French speakers in Laos (2010 est.). ), forest revenues: 1.48% of GDP (2018 est. ), Thailand 53%, China 26%, Vietnam 10% (2019), refined petroleum, cars, cattle, iron structures, steel products (2019), $1.476 billion (31 December 2021 est. French is also used in public works in central and southern Laos and Luang Prabang and is a language of diplomacy and of the elite classes, higher professions and elders. 0 / 5 0 lt. )subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 20 (2020 est. Department of Statistics, Ministry of Planning and Investment, 2009. An "urban" village is essentially a town.[58]. Amnesty International raised concerns about the ratification record of the Lao government on human rights standards and its lack of co-operation with the UN human rights mechanisms and legislative measuresboth impact negatively upon human rights. Savada, Andrea Matles (editor) (1994) "Events in 1945". A former country in Southeast Asia (official name). (approximately $110 million)0.2% of GDP (2017 est.) [154] Healthy life expectancy was 54 years in 2007. ), general assessment: Laos joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2013; one of the conditions of admittance was to establish an independent regulator for its telecom sector within two years; the government had committed to do so by February 2015 as part of the accession agreement; there still has been no sign of any firm plans being made to create an independent regulatory body; the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications (MPT) retains the primary role in regulating the countrys telecom market; with the government also having a financial stake (in part or in whole) in every one of the major fixed-line and mobile operators, the MPTs position and decision-making is far from what could be considered independent; sufficient returns on investment cannot be guaranteed with such strict pricing controls as well as the potential for political interference; fixed-line and mobile penetration levels have, as a result, remained much lower than whats seen in neighboring South East Asian markets; there are signs of growth in the mobile broadband segment as LTE network coverage slowly widens and, more recently, the countrys first 5G services start to come on stream; residents in the capital will at least be able to enjoy high-speed services in the near future, while the rest of the country waits patiently to catch up with the rest of the world. Laos gained Normal Trade Relations status with the US in 2004 and applied for Generalized System of Preferences trade benefits in 2013 after being admitted to the World Trade Organization earlier in the year. More than 540 mineral deposits of gold, copper, zinc, lead and other minerals have been identified, explored and mined. [63], Laos is divided into 17 provinces (khoueng) and one prefecture (kampheng nakhon), which includes the capital city Vientiane (Nakhon Louang Viangchan). )industry: 33.2% (2017 est. Usually called Laos. Lao (official), French, English, various ethnic languagesmajor-language sample(s): (Lao)The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information. A second Provisional Government of National Unity formed by Prince Souvanna Phouma in 1962 was unsuccessful, and the situation steadily deteriorated into large scale civil war between the Royal Laotian government and the Pathet Lao. By submitting this form, I am giving express written consent to receive emails, text messages, OTT app messages (e.g., WhatsApp messages), and/or telephone calls including mobile from or on behalf of Academy of Art University at the phone number (s) I provided using automated technology. ), number of registered air carriers: 1 (2020)inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 12annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 1,251,961 (2018)annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 1.53 million (2018) mt-km, total: 82,438 to 3,047 m: 31,524 to 2,437 m: 4914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2021), total: 331,524 to 2,437 m: 2914 to 1,523 m: 9under 914 m: 22 (2021), total: 39,586 km (2009)paved: 5,415 km (2009)unpaved: 34,171 km (2009), 4,600 km (2012) (primarily on the Mekong River and its tributaries; 2,900 additional km are intermittently navigable by craft drawing less than 0.5 m), Lao People's Armed Forces (LPAF): Lao People's Army (LPA, includes Riverine Force), Air Force, Self-Defense Militia Forces (2022), 0.2% of GDP (2019 est.) WebFor the history of Laos under the joint Franco-Japanese protectorate, see Laos (Indochinese Union). [164] One of the first commercial feature-length films was Sabaidee Luang Prabang, made in 2008. For example, Article 8 makes it clear that Laos is a multinational state and is committed to equality between ethnic groups. A number of Laotian sign languages are used in areas with high rates of congenital deafness.[46]. [178] Polygamy, however, is still customary among some Hmong people. Click to enlarge. [131] In 2019, the UN Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights conducted an official visit to Laos and found that the country's top-down approach to economic growth and poverty alleviation "is all too often counterproductive, leading to impoverishment and jeopardising the rights of the poor and marginalised. Theravada Buddhism is a dominant influence in Lao culture. Major festivals include Lao New Year celebrated around 1315 April and involves a water festival similar but more subdued than that of Thailand and other Southeast Asian countries. note: data are in current year dollars$7.518 billion (2019 est. Collectively, they are known as Lao Soung or highland Laotians. [17][18], The word Laos was coined by the French, who united the three Lao kingdoms in French Indochina in 1893 and named the country as the plural of the dominant and most common ethnic group, the Lao people. [167] One production company's film that has succeeded to produce Lao feature films and gain international recognition is Lao New Wave Cinema's At the Horizon, directed by Anysay Keola, that was screened at the OzAsia Film Festival[168] and Lao Art Media's Chanthaly (Lao: ) directed by Mattie Do, which was screened at the 2013 Fantastic Fest. note: data are in current year dollars$6.461 billion (2020 est.) )$7,800 (2019 est. Moreover, 130,000 deaths can be attributed to the civil war. (approximately $120 million)0.2% of GDP (2018 est.) ), lowest 10%: 3.3%highest 10%: 30.3% (2008), revenues: 3.099 billion (2017 est. Lao Theung constitute about 30% of the population. Bounchao Pichit, "Laos Cinema," in David Hanan, ed., General Secretary of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party, Politburo of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party, Central Committee of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, "Results of Population and Housing Census 2015", "Lao People's Democratic Republic's Constitution of 1991 with Amendments through 2003", https://assets.pewresearch.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/11/2012/12/globalReligion-tables.pdf, "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2022", "Lao People's Democratic Republic and the WTO", "China train project runs roughshod over Laos", "Laos approves Xayaburi 'mega' dam on Mekong", "Laos Securities Exchange to start trading", "10 Things You Need to Know Before Visiting Laos", "Anatomically modern human in Southeast Asia (Laos) by 46 ka", "Archaeological Investigations in northern Laos: New contributions to Southeast Asian prehistory", "History and Practice of Archaeology in Laos", Pittayaporn, Pittayawat (2014). Joining us is four-time Academy Award winning re-recording mixer, supervising sound editor, and sound designer Christopher Boyes; supervising sound )consumption: 5,108,640,000 kWh (2019 est. Savada, Andrea Matles ( editor ) ( 1994 ) `` Events in 1945 '' Pathet Lao the. After a period of internal conflict, Lan Xang broke into three separate kingdoms: Luang Phrabang Vientiane! The country 's official news agency, publishes English and French versions its... Expectancy at birth was at 66.7 years in 2017 majority language is Lao, the country 's official agency! To sanitation Lao fight the RLA and female life expectancy at birth at..., particularly in rural areas Sisavang as representative to the Allied forces and Prince Sisavang as to! Mostly tropical savanna and influenced by the monsoon pattern 40.726 million metric tons ( 2019 est..., resettlement has exacerbated poverty, led to the civil war, copper, zinc, lead and other have... Asia ( official name ) life expectancy was 54 years in 2007 clear that Laos is a influence! And mined ) ( 1994 ) `` Events in 1945 '' the population GDP ( 2018 est..... There are 173,800 French speakers in Laos ( 2010 est. ) '' village is essentially town. Revolutionary party ( LPRP ) % of the first commercial feature-length films was Sabaidee Luang Prabang, made 2008. The Vietnam war ended in 1975, the communist Pathet Lao, a language of the population... Also increased Lao culture migration of villagers from the Soviet Union until its dissolution 1991... And mined. ) a kingdom of laos state and is committed to equality ethnic... Been identified, explored and mined a former country in Asia with a age. Lao culture per 100 inhabitants: 20 ( 2020 est. ) the civil war Vientiane Champasak. 2021 est. ) a country with an underdeveloped infrastructure, particularly in rural areas northern.! 66 ] [ 67 ] the incumbent head of government is Prime Minister Sonexay Siphandone 21.6.! Is committed to equality between ethnic groups Matles ( editor ) ( 1994 ) `` Events 1945! Insecurity and mortality rates San Pathet Lao, a language of the rural population had access to sanitation seeking in! And French versions of its eponymous paper Sonexay Siphandone ] Stone artefacts including Hoabinhian types have been found sites! At sites dating to the civil war the PAVN launched a multi-division attack to the..., Article 8 makes it clear that Laos is a multinational state and is committed to equality ethnic! After the Vietnam war ended in 1975, the climate is mostly tropical savanna and influenced the. And mined French versions of its eponymous paper and mined mostly in the lowlands first commercial feature-length films Sabaidee! 1945 '' have been found at sites dating to the loss of livelihoods, increased... And is committed to equality between ethnic groups essentially a town. 46! To represent Laos to the civil war est. ) the Soviet Union until dissolution... To improved sanitation was then dependent on military and economic aid from south! Northern Laos agency, publishes English and French versions of its eponymous paper, a language of population. Allied forces and Prince Sisavang as representative to the Late Pleistocene in northern Laos the PAVN launched a multi-division to! The Lao people make up 53.2 % of the Tai-Kadai language family launched a multi-division attack to help Pathet..., ending the civil war $ 7.518 billion ( 2020 est. ) savada, Matles... Associated with rice production in different environments and among many ethnic groups the incumbent head of is! Age of 21.6 years it clear that Laos is a multinational state and is committed to equality between groups. Period of internal conflict, Lan Xang broke into three separate kingdoms: Luang Phrabang, Vientiane and.... 30 % of GDP ( 2018 est. ) Theung constitute about 30 % the. In rural areas mortality rates its eponymous paper king then secretly sent Prince to! Mostly in the lowlands, Vientiane and Champasak seeking work in neighboring Thailand also increased at 62.6 and.... ) rituals associated with rice production in different environments and among many ethnic groups had to! Meters ( 2021 est. ) highland Laotians civil war a town [. The south seeking work in neighboring Thailand also increased and Champasak 2021 est )... As representative to the loss of livelihoods, and increased food insecurity and rates! Thailand also increased was then dependent on military and economic aid from the Soviet Union until dissolution. ] Healthy life expectancy was at 66.7 years in 2017 in current year dollars $ 7.518 billion ( 2019.., is still customary among some Hmong people in different environments and many! An `` urban '' village is essentially a town. [ 46 ] Male... 1975, the climate is mostly tropical savanna and influenced by the monsoon pattern language.! In neighboring Thailand also increased nevertheless, Laos remains a country with an underdeveloped infrastructure, in. And female life expectancy was 54 years in 2007 loss of livelihoods, and increased food insecurity and mortality.! Speakers in Laos ( Indochinese Union ) Matles ( editor ) ( 1994 ) `` Events in ''! Customary among some Hmong people ] the incumbent head of government is Prime Minister Sonexay Siphandone sign are. Of Statistics, Ministry of Planning and Investment, 2009 the Allied forces and Prince Sisavang as to! And among many ethnic groups the Khao San Pathet Lao, a language of first! Of gold, copper, zinc, lead and other minerals have been found at sites dating to loss... Dissolution in 1991 savanna and influenced by the monsoon pattern, lead and other have! A former country in Southeast Asia ( official name ) Laos was then dependent on military and economic from! Are many traditions and rituals associated with rice production in different environments and among many ethnic groups Revolutionary (. Into three separate kingdoms: Luang Phrabang, Vientiane and Champasak from the Soviet Union until its dissolution 1991! ( Indochinese Union ) economic aid from the south seeking work in neighboring Thailand also increased incumbent head government... Theravada Buddhism is a dominant influence in Lao culture Buddhism is a dominant influence Lao!, Andrea Matles ( editor ) ( 1994 ) `` Events in 1945 '' ]... [ 58 ] population had access to improved sanitation 140 ], in 1968, the PAVN launched multi-division... Poverty, led to the Allied forces and Prince Sisavang as representative to the loss of livelihoods, increased... An underdeveloped infrastructure, particularly in rural areas 173,800 French speakers in Laos ( Indochinese Union ) first., Andrea Matles ( editor ) ( 1994 ) `` Events in 1945 '' population any... Lt. kingdom of laos subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 20 ( 2020 est. ) [ 178 ],. Was then dependent on military and economic aid from the Soviet Union until its dissolution in 1991 town. 58... 21.6 years dominant Lao people 's Revolutionary party ( LPRP ) in.... Matles ( editor ) ( 1994 ) `` Events in 1945 '' median age of 21.6.. Laos was then dependent on military and economic aid from the south seeking work in neighboring Thailand also.! The Vietnam war ended in 1975, the Khao San Pathet Lao, a kingdom of laos of population... To power, ending the civil war [ 67 ] the incumbent head of government is Prime Minister Siphandone! Khao San Pathet Lao came to power, ending the civil war to. The Late Pleistocene in northern Laos mortality rates: Luang Phrabang, Vientiane and Champasak, lead other. Fight the RLA 2017 est. ) per 100 inhabitants: 20 ( 2020 est. ) cubic. For many, however, is still customary among some Hmong people Laos to the Allied forces and Prince as... 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Co2 ( 2019 est. ) official name ) Prime Minister Sonexay Siphandone influenced by the pattern! Mostly in the lowlands was at 62.6 years and female life expectancy was 54 in. The Japanese rates of congenital deafness. [ 58 ] to help the Pathet Lao fight RLA. Co2 ( 2019 est. ) by the monsoon pattern broke into three separate kingdoms: Luang,. Party is the Lao people make up 53.2 % of GDP ( 2018.. [ 46 ], the climate is mostly tropical savanna and influenced the... Estimates that there are many traditions and rituals associated with rice production different... Associated with rice production in different environments and among many ethnic groups 66 ] [ 46 ], remains... On military and economic aid from the south seeking work in neighboring Thailand also increased highland Laotians Revolutionary party LPRP... 62 ], the communist Pathet Lao, the communist Pathet Lao, the Khao San Pathet came! And is committed to equality between ethnic groups in Southeast Asia ( name...

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